HUMAN AND ANIMAL RIGHTS
For papers including results from animal experiments, Annali di Igiene adopts the indications of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), for more information please visit http://publicationethics.org
Studies involving experiments with animals must state that their care was in accordance with institution guidelines.
Papers describing research including human subjects must state that they were in accordance with institution guidelines.
Work on human beings that is submitted to Annali di Igiene should comply with the principles laid down in the Declaration of Helsinki; with Recommendations guiding physicians in biomedical research involving human subjects, adopted by the 18th World Medical Assembly, Helsinki, Finland, June 1964, amended by the 29th World Medical Assembly, Tokyo, Japan, October 1975, the 35th World Medical Assembly, Venice, Italy, October 1983, and the 41st World Medical Assembly, Hong Kong, September 1989.
The manuscript should contain a statement that the work has been approved by the appropriate ethical committee/s related to the institution(s) in which it was performed and that subjects gave informed consent to the work.
Studies on patients or volunteers require ethics committee approval and informed consent which should be documented in the paper. Patients have a right to privacy: therefore identifying information, including patients' images, names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be included in written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and you have obtained from the patient (or parent, guardian or next of kin where applicable) written informed consent for publication in print and electronic form. If such consent is made subject to any conditions, Annali di Igiene must be made aware of all such conditions. Written consents must be provided to Annali di Igiene on request.
Even where consent has been given, identifying details should be omitted if they are not essential. If identifying characteristics are altered to protect anonymity, such as in genetic pedigrees, Authors should provide assurance that alterations do not distort scientific meaning and the editors should so note. If such consent has not been obtained, personal details of patients included in any part of the paper and in any supplementary materials (including all illustrations) must be removed before submission.